Download Catastrophes: Views from Natural and Human Sciences by Andreas Hoppe PDF

By Andreas Hoppe

Scientific disciplines have their very own view on catastrophes. right here, ordinary scientists, engineers, physicians in addition to historians and social scientists outline and speak about geo-hazards and linked technical mess ups, ordinary mess ups as a enterprise case, drugs and its catastrophes. After conflict points of the Shoah are defined with Gershom Sholem´s proposal of Jewish Totality, and the location of Displaced folks in Germany in addition to the Nakba for Palestinians on the topic of the happiness of Jews celebrating their new kingdom of Israel. The ebook additionally reminds of Hamburg’s Flood catastrophe in 1962, the good East Japan Earthquake in 2011 and different old catastrophes in Japan, the Lisbon earthquake in 1755 and the Age of Enlightenment, and the eruption of the Tambora in 1815 through the “year with out summer”.

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The Chinese character “Tsu” in the word of “tsunami” means a landing place, and “Nami”—wave, as a result, the term “tsunami” has a meaning of “the wave that attacks the port”. Incidentally, Masamune Date said in his story that when the tsunami came, one of his vassals, landed with fishermen, moored their boat to a pine tree in fear of the tsunami. The boat was found to be washed toward the treetop of that pine after the tsunami went down. Three hundred years later, the 1946 Aleutian Islands earthquake struck causing a tsunami.

5 knot/h, it was 118 m in length and weighed 3898 tons. However, the Toya-maru was sunk by strong winds and high waves caused by this typhoon. 5 Major typhoons in Japan during the twentieth century Name Year Lowest pres- Maximun Number of sure (hPa) speed of death wind (m/s) Muroto 1934 911 60 2702 Makurazaki 1945 916 62 2473 Kathleen 1947 960 45 1077 Toya-maru 1954 956 63 1361 Kanogawa 1958 963 36 888 Ise-wan 1959 895 75 4697 Muroto 2nd 1961 918 66 194 Total 13,392 Number of missing 334 1283 853 400 381 401 8 3660 which made it one of the world’s largest accidents at sea, after only the Sultana (1865) and the Titanic (1912).

The data on the effects of radioactivity on human beings observed at that time have been used for the guidelines etc. concerning the uses of nuclear power including power generation. Somewhat ironically, this material has proved helpful for the preparation of safety standards, as well the recovery operations conducted to decommission the nuclear reactors damaged by the Great East Japan Earthquake. 1 Disaster in the ‘Sanriku’ Coastal Area (Yoshimura 2004) Aomori, Iwate and the northern region of the Miyagi Prefectures are called the ‘Sanriku’ coastal area where “San” means three, and “Riku”—land.

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